Physical therapy or PT for short, also referred to as physiotherapy, is a form of therapy and rehab specialisation that uses movement and stimulation in order to treat impairment of mobility, function and increase the quality of life of the patient via diagnosis, treatment plan and physical therapy. It is widely practised by trained physical therapists which may also be named physicaltherapists.
Physical therapy may also be used in conjunction with or alongside other medical practices in order to provide the best prognosis possible for the patient.
Physical therapy is used to treat the illness, or injuries which are limiting the patient’s ability to perform physical activity in their day to day lives. Physical Therapy will use a patient’s medical history and via an examination to diagnose any mobility issues, create an action plan to treat the identified issues. The diagnosis may also incorporate laboratory based results such as CT-Scans or X-Rays. Treatment via physical therapy will often include exercises, manual therapy, assisted movements, and devices such as traction. Treatment may also involve cold, heat, sound, radiation, electricity as well as devices designed to assist movement such as prostheses. As well as directly treating ailments, physical therapy can be used as a preventative measure by promoting assistive movements, exercise and by the promotion of a more active lifestyle. Movement and activity are central to a fund and healthy life.
Physical therapy can encompasses many specialities such as sports physical therapy, orthopaedic physical therapy, paediatric physical therapy and much more besides. Physical Therapists may work in a variety of locations such as private clinics, workplaces, and fitness centres, sports training facilities or hospitals. Physical therapists may also work in a non-practising role, instead developing health related policies, insurance firms, administration or even serving as subject matter experts for medical legal cases.
Physical Therapy Specialities
Physical therapy consist of a large body of knowledge, it is therefore not uncommon for a physical therapist to choose to specialize in a specific area, Most specialists will need to undergo further training to become truly qualified for a specialist role.
Pulmonary and Cardiovascular Physiotherapy
A cardiovascular and pulmonary specialisation practitioner will offer therapy for a diverse range of disorders, or for pre or post-surgery. For example when the patient is to undergo a coronary bypass, as physical therapist may put together a treatment plan to assist with surgery recovery. Commonly the treatment is to increase endurance for the patient and allow them to attain physical independence.
This are of physical therapy encompasses electrotherapy, physical agents and treatment of wounds.
Geriatric Physical Therapy
Geriatric Physical Therapy in concerned with treating a diverse set of issues for people as they go through the normal adult aging process, but generally speaking it is primarily concerned with older adults. There are of course a wide range of conditions that effect adults as they grow older, for example cancer, hip and joint disorders, arthritis or Alzheimer’s etc. A geriatric physical therapist will specialize in for many of these conditions in the older generation of adults.
Integumentary Physical Therapy
Integumentary Physical Therapy involves the treatment of the skin and the related parts of the body; often this involves the treatment of burns or some other type of wound. The physical therapist may use a range of surgical tools, dressings, treatments or wound irrigations in order to remove the damaged tissue and instead promote healthy tissue dealing. The therapy may additionally involve exercise or compressions of the wounds. The work carried out by the therapist is largely similar to what might be performed by nurses or doctors in the hospital emergency rooms.
Neurological Physical Therapy
Neurological Physical Therapy is a specialization with a focus on people with a form of neurological disease or affliction. The scope is large but some examples are users who suffer from back pain, brain injuries, cerebral palsy, strokes etc. Often these conditions result in a reduction of vision, balance, movement or loss of coordination and strength, which greatly impacts the patients day to day lives. Neurological physiotherapy may also be referred to as neurophysiotherapy or neurological rehabilitation.
Orthopaedic Physical Therapy
Orthopaedic physical therapists are tasked with diagnosing, managing and treating injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system, which includes rehabilitations which may take place after surgery or trauma. Orthopaedic therapists are specifically trained to treat fractures, sports injuries, sprains, spinal conditions and amputations.
Paediatric Physical Therapy
Paediatric Physical Therapy involves the detection and treatment of health issues which affect the mobility of the paediatric population. The specialists work towards diagnosis and treatment of various mobility impacting affiliations affecting children, the treatments tend to mainly focus on improving motor skills, coordination, endurance, strength as well as sensory processing.
Sports Physical Therapy
Sports Physical Therapists are tasked with helping athletes achieve their full sports potential and to ensure they are able to safely enjoy exercise and healthy physical activity.
Sports physical therapy should be focused on preventing sports injuries, they accomplish this by analysing the risk associated with a sport for a particular person, In order to do so the therapist must have a deep understanding of the types of injuries a particular sport is prone to, the types of movements involved and any other potential hazards involved. The therapist will then take this knowledge and design an effective strategy which is designed to reduce the associated risk of injury.
A secondary role of the sports therapists begins when an injury is caused during physical activity. The therapist may then be required to provide immediate assessment of the athlete’s condition and take action to prevent further injury or treat the injury directly. It is then often left up to the physical therapists to decide whether or not the athlete can return to the sport immediately or if they require additional care.
The sports physical therapist is often deeply involved in the athlete’s recovery process, and will be tasked with using their therapeutic knowledge to diagnose the main issues with the athlete as well as working closely with any other professionals involved with the recovery process. The aim is to design a strategy to help the athlete overcome any injuries while also reducing the risk of re-injury.
A sports physical therapist may also play a role in working to enhance an athlete’s performance, for example they can use their expert knowledge to improve the efficiency of movements allowing the athlete to leverage more power and speed.
Physical Therapy Near Me
If you’re asking yourself where can I get physical therapy near me consider what kind of physical therapist you’re looking for? There are many physical therapy clinics available which each specialise in a type of treatment, so it’s important to understand the clinic which would be the best choice for your needs, a center which is able to offer physical therapy for a knee may not be able to offer other sorts of physical therapy